Centre for Cognitive Development & Educational Innovations

If you think your child might have a learning disability, you may feel overwhelmed by the information, the numerous tests, and the lack of clarity about how to get the best help for your child. What you need is a roadmap for sifting through the information and finding the valuable support that is available. You also may need a bit of perspective. The brain has an amazing capacity to change and children respond when given the support and encouragement they need. Early intervention and support can really make a difference in giving your child the best chance for success.

What is a Learning Disability?

"He has the ability, if he just tried harder, he could do it. He chooses not to do the work."

"If she would just pay attention, she would get it."

"After I give the instructions, he sits there and stares at his paper. He is not motivated."

A child with a learning disability cannot try harder, pay closer attention, or improve motivation on their own; they need help to learn how to do those things. A learning disability, or learning disorder, is not a problem with intelligence. Learning disorders are caused by a difference in the brain that affects how information is received, processed, or communicated. Children and adults with learning disabilities have trouble processing sensory information because they see, hear, and understand things differently

Common Types of Learning Disabilities


Difficulty processing language
Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking


Difficulty with math
Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money


Difficulty with writing
Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas

Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)

Difficulty with fine motor skills
Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity

Auditory Processing Disorder

Difficulty hearing differences between sounds
Problems with reading, comprehension, language

Visual Processing Disorder

Difficulty interpreting visual information
Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures



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